I began working with metal during an undergraduate anthropology project in Cameroon in 1997, where I studied how Baka Pygmies turned worn machetes into utility knives. I later worked with street-jewelers in Costa Rica, learning small metals techniques, before taking a more formal route to education by attending blacksmithing workshops at the John C. Campbell Folkschool in North Carolina. After I received my BA from the Friends World Program of Long Island University, I was an Artist-in-Residence at the Appalachian Center for Crafts in Tennessee from 2001 to 2003, during which time I focused on utilitarian forged ironwork, including furniture and kitchenware. I began earnestly making sculpture in 2004 when I entered the Master of Fine Arts in Metals program at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale. Making work that viewers can touch and use remained central to my work, and throughout my graduate studies I focused on interactive mechanical devices which addressed human experience. After receiving my MFA, I spent 10 years in California's Bay Area, where I began making cocktail mixing machines and incorporated CAD and digital tools into my practice. I now live in Amherst Massachusetts.